Epilepsia (1988 Mar-Apr) 29(2) :163-71 Lantz D.L., Sterman M.B. Neuropsychological assessment of subjects with uncontrolled epilepsy: effects of EEG feedback training.
A battery of neuropsychological teats were adinistrated at baseline, postcontrol period, and posttraining period to 24 drug-refractory subjects with epilepsy participating in a study of sensorimotor electroencephalographic (EEG) normalization feedback training. Improvement on several measures occurred following participation in the study.
International Journal of Psychophysiology, (1988 Aug) 6(3) :185-94 Tozzo, C. A.. , Elfner L. F. , & May, J. G. , Jr. EEG biofeedback and relaxation training in the control of epileptic seizure.
A study of 6 young adults with a diagnosis of epilepsy of at least two years who had been unable to control their seizures with different regimens of anticonvulsant medications. All subjects were able to increase their percent time in SMR. Five out of the 6 subjects demonstrated decrease in seizure frequency during the treatment phase. Research utilizing sensorimotor rhythm (SMR) biofeedback with epileptics suggests that it is useful in decreasing seizures.
Seizure (1992 Jun) 1(2) : 111-6 Andrews D.J., Schonfeld W. H. Predictive factors for controlling seizures using a behavioral approach.
A study of 83 patients with uncontrolled seizures received care between 1980 and 1985, document that 69 (83%) achieved control by completion of the program.
Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, (1988) :70 (1), 18. Fischer- Williams, M. & Clifford, B. C. Biofeedback treatment of patients with seizures - a pilot study of EEG feedback.
A study with 10 subjects with complex partial seizures or major seizures of 11-19 years. All subjects were able to obtain greater seizure control
Annals of Behavioral Medicine, (1986) :8(1), 21-25 Sterman, M. B. This article reviews literature available on the treatment of epilepsy with biofeedback. The author discuss the different types of epilepsy, and stress that causes problems with diagnosis, polypharmacy, recidivism, and treatment.
Epilepsia , (1974) 15, : 395-416 Sterman, M. B., Macdonald, L. R.., & Stone, R. K. Biofeedback training of the sensorimotor electroencephalogram rhythm in man.
A study on 4 epileptic and 4 nonepileptic subjects. Epileptic patients showed a marked and localized increases in the occurrence on SMR activity. The epileptic subjects showed a reduction in major motor seizure frequency.
Biofeedback and Self-Regulation, Vol. 1, No. 1, 1976 Joel F. Lubar and W. W. Bahler Behavioral Management of Epileptic seizures following EEG biofeedback training of the sensorimoter rhythm.
A study of 8 severely epileptic pateints, were trained in increse 12-14hz EEG activity from the regions overlying the rolandic area. 2 of the patients who had been severely epileptic, have multiple seizures per week , have been seizure free for periods of up to 1 month. Other patients have developed the ability to block many of their seizures. Seizure intensity and duration have also decreased.
Biological Psychology, 2, 1975, 189-203 William W. Finely, Hoyt A. Smith and Murray D. Etherton Reduction of seizures and normalization the EEG in a severe epileptic following sensorimotor biofeedback training: preliminary study
A 13 year old male with frequent epileptic seizures was trained SMR biofeedback training. His rate of clinical seizures decreased by a factor of 10 and significant reduction in percentage of epileptiform discharges was noted. . Archive of Neurology (1981 Nov) 38(11): 700-704 Lubar, J., Shasbin, H., et al. EEG operant conditioning in intractable epileptics.
Study of eight patients with mixed seizures involved in a double blind cross over study to determine effectiveness of operant conditioning of the EEG as an anticonvulsant procedure. 5 of the 8 experienced a decrease in their mean monthly seizure rate.
Epilepsia (1988 ) 29(2) : 172-183 Dahl, J., Melin, L., Leissner, P. Effects of a behavioral intervention on epileptic seizure behavior and paroxysmal activity: A systematic replication of three cases of children with intractable epilepsy.
Study of three children involved in EEG biofeedback training show that all three responded with a decrease in seizure behavior and paroxysmal activity using an adapted countermeasure technique.